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Pupils: Per Capita Costs

January 5, 2010

Question written on 05/01/2010

To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how much funding was provided per pupil in the maintained sector for (a) primary schools and (b) secondary schools in (i) England, (ii) the South West Region and (iii) each local authority within the South West Region in each year from 1997 to 2009.

Answered by Vernon Coaker

Per pupil revenue funding figures for primary school pupils (ages three to 10) for England, the South West Region, and each local authority in the South West of England between 1997-98 and 2005-06 are shown in table 1. These figures are in real terms and are based on financial years.

Table 1
Real terms revenue funding per pupil (£)-SSA/EFS plus grants
1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
England 2,680 2,790 2,980 3,230 3,430 3,520 3,740 3,860 4,100
South West 2,570 2,670 2,840 3,070 3,220 3,290 3,470 3,560 3,790
Bath and North East Somerset 2,400 2,540 2,710 2,940 3,090 3,140 3,330 3,420 3,660
Bournemouth 2,730 2,740 2,890 3,140 3,230 3,270 3,410 3,490 3,700
Bristol, City of 2,580 2,690 2,880 3,130 3,330 3,490 3,690 3,850 4,130
Cornwall 2,490 2,720 2,900 3,140 3,330 3,400 3,580 3,670 3,890
Devon 2,670 2,750 2,870 3,100 3,250 3,310 3,530 3,610 3,820
Dorset 2,610 2,650 2,810 3,030 3,180 3,230 3,370 3,480 3,670
Gloucestershire 2,520 2,630 2,820 3,050 3,210 3,270 3,430 3,500 3,730
North Somerset 2,460 2,600 2,790 3,010 3,140 3,190 3,400 3,490 3,740
Plymouth 2,700 2,780 2,920 3,140 3,270 3,360 3,490 3,580 3,810
Poole 2,620 2,620 2,750 2,950 3,100 3,140 3,260 3,290 3,550
Somerset 2,530 2,640 2,830 3,070 3,230 3,290 3,470 3,570 3,770
South Gloucestershire 2,380 2,520 2,710 2,900 3,040 3,090 3,270 3,360 3,600
Swindon 2,650 2,660 2,780 3,000 3,160 3,200 3,460 3,540 3,800
Torbay 2,720 2,750 2,880 3,120 3,260 3,280 3,450 3,540 3,760
Wiltshire 2,570 2,660 2,830 3,050 3,200 3,260 3,520 3,600 3,820
Notes:

1. Price Base: Real terms at 2008-09 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 9 December 2009.

2. Figures reflect relevant sub-blocks of Standard Spending Assessment/Education Formula Spending (EFS) settlements and exclude the pensions transfer to EFS.

3. Total funding also includes all revenue grants in DFES Departmental Expenditure Limits relevant to pupils aged three to 10 and exclude Education Maintenance Allowances (EMAs) and grants not allocated at LEA level. For those authorities in receipt of advance of grant under the transitional support arrangements for 2004-05, advance grant funding is included in the year of payment (2004-05). There will be a consequential reduction in DFES grant for these LEAs in future years (either 2006-07 and 2007-08 or 2006-07 to 2008-09, depending on the terms on which the advance was given to the LEA).

4. The pupil numbers used to convert £ million figures to £ per pupil are those underlying the SSA/EFS settlement calculations plus PLASC three-year-old maintained pupils and estimated three to four-year-olds funded through state support in maintained and other educational institutions where these are not included in the SSA pupil numbers.

5. Rounding: Figures are rounded to the nearest £10.

6. Status: Some of the grant allocations have not been finalised. If these do change, the effect on the funding figures is expected to be minimal.

7. 1997-98 figures for authorities subject to local government reorganisation in that year have been estimated, pro-rata to their post LGR figures.

Per pupil revenue funding figures for secondary school pupils (ages 11-15) for England, the South West Region, and each local authority in the South West of England between 1997-98 and 2005-06 are shown in table 2. These figures are in real terms and are based on financial years.

Table 2
Real terms revenue funding per pupil (£)-SSA/ EFS plus grants
1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
England 3,660 3,760 3,900 4,230 4,460 4,560 4,640 4,840 5,040
South West 3,450 3,550 3,670 3,950 4,120 4,210 4,280 4,470 4,660
Bath and North East Somerset 3,250 3,350 3,530 3,790 3,920 3,980 4,120 4,300 4,490
Bournemouth 3,490 3,580 3,680 3,970 4,150 4,230 4,240 4,410 4,610
Bristol, City of 3,660 3,760 3,880 4,300 4,550 4,620 4,880 5,170 5,510
Cornwall 3,560 3,660 3,780 4,050 4,230 4,330 4,280 4,470 4,670
Devon 3,520 3,620 3,730 3,980 4,130 4,210 4,220 4,400 4,600
Dorset 3,370 3,460 3,590 3,870 4,050 4,130 4,150 4,360 4,520
Gloucestershire 3,390 3,480 3,630 3,920 4,070 4,150 4,220 4,380 4,570
North Somerset 3,350 3,480 3,630 3,900 4,040 4,130 4,250 4,440 4,670
Plymouth 3,490 3,590 3,720 4,020 4,180 4,290 4,350 4,560 4,770
Poole 3,320 3,410 3,510 3,740 3,940 4,040 4,160 4,380 4,490
Somerset 3,450 3,540 3,670 3,950 4,120 4,220 4,310 4,520 4,660
South Gloucestershire 3,290 3,380 3,510 3,740 3,880 3,960 4,130 4,340 4,530
Swindon 3,410 3,500 3,620 3,880 4,020 4,130 4,300 4,480 4,720
Torbay 3,540 3,610 3,730 4,020 4,180 4,290 4,340 4,500 4,700
Wiltshire 3,420 3,510 3,650 3,920 4,080 4,150 4,230 4,390 4,580
Notes:

1. Price Base: Real terms at 2008-09 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 9 December 2009.

2. Figures reflect relevant sub-blocks of Standard Spending Assessment/Education Formula Spending (EFS) settlements and exclude the pensions transfer to EFS.

3. Total funding also includes all revenue grants in DFES Departmental Expenditure Limits relevant to pupils aged 11-15 and exclude Education Maintenance Allowances (EMAs) and grants not allocated at LEA level. For those authorities in receipt of advance of grant under the transitional support arrangements for 2004-05, advance grant funding is included in the year of payment (2004-05). There will be a consequential reduction in DFES grant for these LEAs in future years (either 2006-07 and 2007-08 or 2006-07 to 2008-09, depending on the terms on which the advance was given to the LEA).

4. The pupil numbers used to convert £ million figures to £ per pupil are those underlying the SSA/EFS settlement calculations plus PLASC three-year-old maintained pupils and estimated three to four-year-olds funded through state support in maintained and other educational institutions where these are not included in the SSA pupil numbers.

5. Rounding: Figures are rounded to the nearest £10.

6. Status: Some of the grant allocations have not been finalised. If these do change, the effect on the funding figures is expected to be minimal.

7. 1997-98 figures for authorities subject to local government reorganisation in that year have been estimated, pro-rata to their post LGR figures.

The revenue per pupil figures shown in table 3 as follows are taken from the Dedicated Schools Grant (DSG). They are not comparable with those for the years 1997-98 to 2005-06 (in tables 1 and 2 above) because the introduction of the DSG in 2006-07 fundamentally changed how local authorities are funded.

The 1997-98 to 2005-06 figures are based on Education Formula Spending (EFS) which formed the education part of the Local Government Finance Settlement, plus various grants. This was an assessment of what local authorities needed to fund education rather than what they spent. The DSG is based largely on an authority’s previous spending. In addition, the DSG has a different coverage to EFS. EFS comprised a schools block and an LEA block (to cover LEA central functions) whereas DSG only covers the school block. LEA block items are still funded through DCLG‘s Local Government Finance Settlement but education items cannot be separately identified. Consequently, there is a break in the Department’s time series as the two sets of data are not comparable.

To provide a comparison for 2008-09 DSG, the Department have isolated the schools block equivalent funding in 2005-06 (the baseline); as described above this does not represent the totality of ‘education’ funding in that year.

Per pupil revenue funding figures for pupils (ages three to 15) for England, the South West Region, and each local authority in the South West of England between 2005-06 and 2008-09 are shown in table 3. As the DSG is a mechanism for distributing funding, a split between primary and secondary schools is not available. These figures are in real terms and are based on financial years.

Table 3
Real terms revenue funding per pupil (£)-DSG plus grants
2005-06 (baseline) 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
England 4,340 4,470 4,640 4,690
South West 4,040 4,170 4,310 4,480
Bath and North East Somerset 4,120 4,240 4,370 4,430
Bournemouth 4,040 4,150 4,290 4,300
Bristol, City of 4,710 4,890 5,040 5,050
Cornwall 3,970 4,120 4,270 4,340
Devon 3,940 4,070 4,220 4,280
Dorset 4,070 4,160 4,300 4,350
Gloucestershire 3,980 4,110 4,260 4,370
North Somerset 4,030 4,120 4,250 4,310
Plymouth 4,200 4,340 4,500 4,540
Poole 3,990 4,090 4,230 4,250
Somerset 3,990 4,080 4,230 4,350
South Gloucestershire 3,880 3,970 4,110 4,150
Swindon 3,970 4,110 4,250 4,310
Torbay 4,170 4,280 4,440 4,460
Wiltshire 3,910 4,060 4,200 4,250
Notes:

1. This covers funding through the Dedicated Schools Grant, School Standards Grant, School Standards Grant (Personalisation) and Standards Fund as well as funding from the Learning and Skills Council; it excludes grants which are not allocated at LA level.

2. Price Base: Real terms at 2008-09 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 9 December 2009.

3. These figures are for all funded pupils aged three to 15.

4. Figures have been rounded to the nearest £10.

5. Some of the grant allocations have not been finalised. If these do change, the effect on the funding figures is expected to be minimal.